The 4 Learning Orientations

Learners situationally fall along the continuum of learning orientations. Depending on the specific learning circumstances, a learner may cover a full range of one learning orientation or move downwards or upwards in response to negative or positive responses, conditions, resources, results, expectations, and experiences. Most learners will respond with some level of resistance in negative environments. Upward change into new learning orientations requires greater effort and learner control and stronger intentions, feelings, and beliefs about learning.

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Learning Orientations Questionnaire


The Learning Orientations Questionnaire (LOQ) consists of 25 questions that identify your personal learning orientation. When you know your learning orientation, you can increase success with simple, achievable suggestions based on your personal LOQ score. The LOQ clearly evaluates three complex areas of learner success. It identifies those at-risk and suggests practical solutions for improvement. The LOQ is a statistically valid and reliable instrument that measures how learners generally and intentionally approach learning (e.g., classroom or online learning ability) and performance. Learning orientations are dispositions to approach, manage, and achieve learning. The LOQ helps individuals, businesses, government, and academia improve achievements, job performance, lifelong learning, retention rates and productivity.

The LOQ reveals the complex interactions between the dominant psychological factors that influence intentional learning and performance.  These factors consider the level of the learner's:

  • emotional engagement in learning
  • strategic self-directedness
  • independence or autonomy

These three interrelated factors are essential attributes shared by all successful learners. It is the understanding about learning orientations that sparks the awareness of how individuals experience learning, solve problems, and develop relationships that support learning differently. Additionally, the learning orientation factors provide a model to guide the design of learning environments and learning solutions--with the goal not only to support learning (i.e., achievement of instructional or performance objectives), but also to help learners improve learning ability (including online learning ability) over time. This model also considers successful learning skills, such as goal setting, problem-solving, progress monitoring, reflection, and task sequencing. Finally, these attributes help quickly identify issues that create gaps between potential intentional learning and performance proficiency and actual learning and performance proficiency.